MemberSeptember 26, 2021 at 5:50 am
The tradition that Mount Sinai lies in the southern Sinai Peninsula arose from biblical indications that a great distance lies between Mount Sinai-Horeb and Kadesh-barnea. The Deuteronomy foreword seems to situate Mount Horeb at eleven days’ walking distance from Kadesh-barnea (Deut 1:1-2, cf. v. 19), while the Numbers itinerary lists some twenty stations between these terminals (Num 33:16-36). The prophet Elijah, having travelled a day’s journey past Beersheba into the wilderness, then went a further forty days without food on his pilgrimage to Mount Horeb (1 Kgs 19:3-8). Kadesh-barnea, known to lie on the southern border of Judah (Num 34:4; Josh 15:1-4), was eventually identified at Ayn Qudayrat some three or four days’ walk southwest from Beersheba (78 linear km) on a trajectory towards the southern Sinai.
Explorers who support the traditional location of Mount Sinai at Jebel Musa or other peaks in southern Sinai include John L. Burckhardt, Eduard Rüppell, Edward Robinson, Edward H. Palmer, Samuel C. Bartlett, and W. M. Flinders Petrie. Later scholars supporting a southern Mount Sinai include Yohanan Aharoni, Israel Finkelstein, Kenneth A. Kitchen,James K. Hoffmeier, Anson F. Rainey, and Barry J. Beitzel.
</sup></sup> See #6.5 “Eleven days from Horeb”.
</sup></sup> See #6.14 Wanderings: Zin and Paran.
</sup></sup> Woolley and Lawrence, Wilderness of Zin, 1914–1915:6.
</sup></sup> Jebel Serbal. Burckhardt, Travels in Syria.
</sup></sup> Jebel Serbal. Eduard Rüppell, Reisen in Nubien, Kordofan, Und Dem Petraischen Arabien (Frankfurt am Main: Friedrich Wilmans, 1829).
</sup></sup> Jebel Musa. Robinson, Biblical Researches, I:87–213.
</sup></sup> Ras Safsafa. Palmer, The Desert of the Exodus, Part I:1–145.
</sup></sup> Jebel Serbal. Bartlett, From Egypt to Palestine, 238–84.
</sup></sup> Jebel Serbal. Petrie, Researches in Sinai, 206, 247–54 Petrie’s assistant, Charles T. Currelly, wrote the last four chapters about Mount Sinai and the southern regions.
10]</sup></sup> Unspecified peak. Yohanan Aharoni, The Land of Israel in Bible Times (Hbw), First published 1949 (Jerusalem: Bialik Institute, 1962), 169–73.
</sup></sup> Unspecified peak. Finkelstein and Perevolotsky, “Southern Sinai Exodus Route,” 26–35, 38–41.
</sup></sup> Jebel Musa. Kenneth A. Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI / Cambridge, U.K.: Eerdmans, 2003), 170.
</sup></sup> Ras Safsafa or Jebel Serbal. Hoffmeier, Ancient Israel in Sinai, 140–48.
</sup></sup> Unspecified peak. Rainey and Notley, The Sacred Bridge, 120.
</sup></sup> Prefers Jebel Musa. Beitzel, New Moody Bible Atlas, 112–13.