MemberJune 8, 2021 at 8:20 pm
Hence, the path of the exodus was directly eastward along the length of Wadi Tumilat towards the Suez Isthmus. Note that the supply-city of Pithom does not feature in the exodus itinerary, only Rameses. Pithom, therefore, was not in the direct line of travel along Wadi Tumilat. As supply cities, both Rameses and Pithom were likely to be at the Delta (west) end of the wadi where they were defensible. They were probably warehouse and customs facilities for trade in food and goods coming in and out of Egypt via Wadi Tumilat. It makes no sense for the Egyptians to store goods out along the wadi where they might be plundered. So both cities were close to the ancient Pelusiac branch of the Nile (silted up since Classical times), with Rameses at the western end of the Wadi Tumilat close to the royal precinct and Pithom possibly further SW where Wadi Tumilat branches off from the Pelusiac and swings eastward. There are a few suitable tels in this area. Goshen was a busy place, populated by nomads, constantly traversed by traders, and controlled by Egyptian troops and border officials.