MemberApril 16, 2021 at 11:23 pm
Deborah, there were three things that happened when Isaac was weaned, in Genesis 21. He was mocked by the son of the Egyptian handmaid, which by itself is only symbolic. But the same year the Philistines stopped up Abraham’s wells and then he was forced into a covenant with Abimelech as the subordinate. Abimelech being a descendant of Misraim, this means that Abraham was made a subject of Misraim and the persecution began in the year Isaac was weaned.
The case can be made that the crossing of the Euphrates was a different year than Abram’s descent into Egypt. However, given we are told in Galatians 3 that it was 430 years from Abraham’s covenant to the giving of the law, we must conclude that one of Abraham’s covenants was 430 years before the Exodus. And given that there were to be 4 centuries of persecution, 30 years before Isaac’s weaning leads to Abram’s first covenant with God when he was 75.
The sojourn under Misraim could be counted from when Abram entered Canaan, as it was under Philistine rule, or it could count from his descent into Egypt. But these appear to have occurred a few months apart at most.