MemberApril 14, 2021 at 12:42 pm
I would need to read your book or papers to comment in detail, Ron. My first question would be about your assumption #3. That days of the week have to match the month. Eugene Faulstich constructed a chronology using the same assumption that the Roman week we use today was the creation week used by the Hebrews.
I believe that assumption is in error. All of the ancient cultures, Hebrews, Babylon, Assyrians, and Romans originally used lunar weeks. This system was reset on every new moon.
So a given lunar month would begin with the new moon day, the first of the month. The Sabbaths would fall on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th days of the lunar month. The last “weekend” was either 2 or 3 days depending on sighting of the new moon.
Under this system the feast days always fell on the proper days of the week. The passover lamb slaughter on the 14th was always the 6th day, and the Feast of First Fruits on the 15th was always the Sabbath. Pentecost always fell on the 1st day. Trumpets always fell on the New Moon.
Three references by Philo indicate this calendar was still in use during the first century.
After the Temple was destroyed the Romans switched from an eight day market week, to the repeating seven day week we currently observe. This is what led to the Quartodeciman Heresy in the fourth century. The Quartodecimans said the Apostle John had taught them to observe the remembrance of the Crucifixion on the 14th of the lunar month of Nisan. Under the old Hebrew lunar Sabbath, the first day of the third week always fell on the 16th day of the lunar month.
But under the repeating Roman seven day week, the 14th could fall on any day of the week. The bishop of Rome decreed that Easter had to be observed so that Resurrection Day was on Sunday. The Quartodecimans refused to change, so they were decreed heretics, and Nestorius the Bishop of Constantinople persecuted them. (Later Nestorius was also declared a heretic for completely different reasons.)
Back calculating the 7 day Roman week against lunar dates in Scripture will result in error.
Proof of this is found in the Exodus. They departed Egypt on Nisan 15 which was a Sabbath. But they observed the Sabbath on the 22nd of the second month. The remaining 14 or 15 days of Nisan, added to the 22 days of the second month result in either 36 or 37 days between Sabbaths. That does not work under the Roman week. But, it works perfectly for the lunar sabbath.
The Tabernacle was dedicated on the 1st day of the First Month of the second year. (Exodus 40:2) And the first sacrifices were made on the 8th day (Sabbath) of the first month. (Leviticus 9:1) This requires that the 15th day of the second year was the Sabbath. But the 15th day of the first year (the day they left Egypt) was also the Sabbath. 12 lunar months of 29.5 days is 354 days, which is not divisible by seven. Therefore it cannot fit the Roman week. But 12 lunar months, is 48 lunar weeks, plus 12 new moon days, plus 6 extra new moon days for the 30 days months. (48 x 7) + 12 + 6 = 354 days. Perfect fit.