MemberJanuary 21, 2021 at 12:15 am
THE CENSUS LISTS
The First Census
By the time of the Exodus, the twelve tribes of Israel, named for the twelve sons of Jacob, had become thirteen tribes with the dividing of Joseph’s tribe into two, named for his sons Ephraim and Manasseh. The number of males over twenty years in each of twelve tribes are added together to produce national totals of 603,550 in the first census (Num 1:46) and 601,730 in the second (Num 26:51). Levi as the priestly tribe exempt from army duty is not listed with the other tribes in chapter 1 but is numbered for the purpose of ‘redeeming’ all the firstborn Israelite males (Num 3:12, 41). The allocation of priestly duties by ‘clan’, the number of males over one month old in each clan, and a tribal total of the clan subtotals, all appear in chapters 3-4.