MemberJanuary 10, 2021 at 7:49 pm
James, the historical quality of the biblical accounts is one thing… whether the events described were acts of God is another. It was common in the ANE to attribute historical events to the gods. Nearly all accounts of military campaigns invoke and credit the gods for both victories and defeats. The Hebrew scriptures are not exceptional in that regard. Our task is to decide if the claims of the Hebrew scriptures are more credible than those on the monuments of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
On your point re Jericho, the existence of a destruction layer is not proof that God had anything to do with it. But, if that destruction layer is in the right archaeological era (according to the standard chronology it is not) it is evidence that the biblical account (at least in this instance and detail) is historical.
On your point re the drowning of the Egyptian army, the men and horses could not drown in a small depth of water, so I consider all crossing sites in the north of the Suez Isthmus to be very doubtful. I will post something over in The miraculous sea crossing to start discussion.